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Pratice Test Chatper 12



Short Answer
 

 1. 

Was the Black Death of the fourteenth century a crucial turning point in European history? Use evidence from the text to argue for or against this statement.
 

 2. 

What are the central concerns expressed by Christine de Pisan in the excerpt from The Book of the City of Ladies presented in this chapter's “Listening to the Past”? What do they tell us about the society in which Pisan lived?
 

 3. 

The Hundred Years' War had serious consequences for both England and France. What were the immediate political, social, and economic results of the war on both sides of the English Channel? What were the longterm implications? Which side seems to have won?
 

 4. 

The problems of the papacy, exemplified by the Babylonian Captivity, gave rise to the conciliar movement and led to schism in the church. What were the underlying causes of this development? What were the consequences¾religious, social, and political¾of this crisis in the Christian church?
 

 5. 

The later Middle Ages witnessed a transformation on the frontiers of Europe, a transformation that was caused by the great surge in migration and colonization from England, Germany, and France. Describe the changes resulting from this colonization of frontier regions. What was the primary cause of these changes, and what were the consequences?
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 6. 

All of the following were ethnic divisions that intensified on European frontiers in the fourteenth century except
a.
Florentine and Sicilian in Italy.
b.
German and Czech in Bohemia.
c.
Mudejars and Christian Spaniards in Spain.
d.
German and Maygar in Hungary.
e.
English and Irish in Ireland.
 

 7. 

The period 1315 to 1322 is best described as
a.
a time of scarcity and starvation.
b.
a time of plenty and prosperity.
c.
stable and peaceful.
d.
a time of civil war and bloodshed.
e.
a time of rapid intellectual advancement.
 

 8. 

The highly infectious nature of the plague was enhanced by
a.
the imposition of quarantine measures.
b.
an influx of peasants seeking medical care.
c.
urban congestion and lack of sanitation.
d.
the total absence of health-care facilities.
e.
starving peasants' consumption of black rats.
 

 9. 

Economically, the Black Death resulted in
a.
a complete economic collapse.
b.
a sharp drop in per capita wealth.
c.
a sharp increase in per capita wealth.
d.
a sharp increase in urban unemployment.
e.
worse conditions for serfs all over Europe.
 

 10. 

The Black Death made its last appearance in
a.
Paris in 1438.
b.
Marseilles in 1721.
c.
London in 1399.
d.
Frankfurt in 1897.
e.
Florence in 1622.
 

 11. 

One important mode of influencing public opinion used by the English and French kings during the Hundred Years' War was
a.
publishing broadsheets.
b.
distribution of free grain to the populace.
c.
proclaiming a crusade.
d.
purchasing of votes.
e.
instructing priests to deliver patriotic sermons.
 

 12. 

The young woman who saved France during the Hundred Years' War was
a.
Catherine of Siena.
b.
Joan of Arc.
c.
Christine de Pisan.
d.
Françoise of Florence.
e.
Theresa of Avila.
 

 13. 

The English Statute of Laborers (1351)
a.
granted limited rights to workers.
b.
fixed the number of new members of guilds.
c.
forbade the migration of day laborers.
d.
forbade the creation of craft unions.
e.
attempted to freeze salaries and wages at pre-1347 levels.
 

 14. 

All of the following were consequences of the Hundred Years' War except
a.
the development of a French national assembly.
b.
the emergence of the English Commons as a political force.
c.
a rise of nationalistic feeling in England and France.
d.
economic and social dislocation.
e.
disruption of local government in England as sheriffs went absent on campaign.
 

 15. 

Each of the following authors composed important works in their vernacular except
a.
Christine de Pisan.
b.
François Villon.
c.
Geoffrey Chaucer.
d.
Dante Alighieri.
e.
Thomas Aquinas.
 

 16. 

Villon's Grand Testament is distinguished from the works of Dante and Chaucer by its
a.
use of the female voice.
b.
use of prose rather than verse.
c.
use of the language of the poor and the criminal.
d.
spiritual themes.
e.
rejection of the church.
 

 17. 

The _________ whipped and scourged themselves as penance for their and society's sins.
a.
mendicants
b.
flagellants
c.
members of the Brotherhood of Glory
d.
pope and his closest advisers
e.
women of London
 

 18. 

__________ led the English to victory at Agincourt in 1415.
a.
Henry II
b.
Edward III
c.
Richard I
d.
Henry V
e.
John II
 

 19. 

Utraquism, endorsed by Jan Hus, refers to
a.
denial of the existence of the Trinity.
b.
the assertion that all Christian men are priests.
c.
the doctrine that a council of bishops, not the pope, should be the supreme authority in the church.
d.
rejection of the full divinity of Christ.
e.
endorsement of laypersons receiving communion in both kinds (bread and wine).
 

 20. 

Theologian John Wyclif argued that
a.
the conciliar movement was heretical.
b.
Scripture alone should determine church belief and practice.
c.
there was no Trinity.
d.
popes should be elected by all members of the clergy.
e.
priests should be allowed to marry.
 

 21. 

In the Middle Ages, who and when a person married were determined by
a.
economic considerations and parental direction.
b.
romantic love.
c.
accidental pregnancies.
d.
physical attraction.
e.
the lord.
 

 22. 

According to the text, conquerors in which frontier zone made the most extensive attempt to prevent intermarriage and protect racial purity?
a.
eastern Europe.
b.
Spain.
c.
the Baltic littoral.
d.
Sicily.
e.
Ireland.
 

 23. 

In the High Middle Ages, prostitution was
a.
ruthlessly prosecuted by authorities.
b.
found only in the bustling seaports of the Mediterranean.
c.
both a rural and urban phenomenon.
d.
regulated by state authorities.
e.
endorsed by the church.
 

 24. 

From 1309 to 1376, the popes lived in
a.
Milan.
b.
Amsterdam.
c.
Venice.
d.
Paris.
e.
Avignon.
 

 25. 

Jan Hus died
a.
at the stake.
b.
of old age.
c.
in exile.
d.
while trying to escape.
e.
in a pitched battle between his supporters and his opponents.
 

 26. 

The direct cause of the Hundred Years' War between England and France was
a.
the French seizure of the port of Calais.
b.
the English execution of Joan of Arc.
c.
King Edward III of England's seizure of Aquitaine.
d.
King Edward III of England's endorsement of Urban VI as the rightful pope.
e.
King Philip of France's seizure of Aquitaine.
 

 27. 

Divorce _________ in the Middle Ages.
a.
was common
b.
was common among elites
c.
was common among the poor
d.
was rare
e.
did not exist
 

 28. 

The immediate cause of the English peasant rebellion of 1381 was
a.
the reimposition of the head tax.
b.
the execution of Wat Tyler.
c.
the excommunication of John Wyclif.
d.
the French victory at the Battle of Poitiers.
e.
a sharp rise in grain prices.
 

 29. 

English oppression in Ireland was exemplified by the
a.
Dalimil Chronicle.
b.
Council of Constance.
c.
Statute of Kilkenny.
d.
Statute of Laborers.
e.
epic poem Beowulf.
 

 30. 

_________ was the most highly urbanized region in northern Europe.
a.
Estonia
b.
Lithuania
c.
Prussia
d.
Scandinavia
e.
Flanders
 



 
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