Name: 
 

Chapter 13 pratice test



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The term humanism, as used in the context of the Renaissance, refers to
a.
insistence that Italian cities respect individual human rights.
b.
the belief that man was responsible for his own fate and God was dead.
c.
an anthropomorphic conception of God.
d.
belief in the perfectability of man.
e.
study of the Latin classics for moral education and insights into human nature.
 

 2. 

Communes that won independence from surrounding nobles in the twelfth century include all of the following except
a.
Venice.
b.
Milan.
c.
Florence.
d.
Siena.
e.
Pisa.
 

 3. 

In northern Italy, the assimilation of the feudal nobility and the commercial elites of the cities was accomplished largely by
a.
merchants' purchase of noble titles.
b.
nobles' joining the merchant guilds.
c.
the abolition of property requirements for citizenship in cities.
d.
merchants' construction of lavish castles in the countryside.
e.
intermarriage.
 

 4. 

All of the following were among the Italian powers that dominated the peninsula except
a.
the Papal States.
b.
Florence.
c.
Ferrara.
d.
Venice.
e.
Naples.
 

 5. 

The first artistic and literary manifestation of the Italian Renaissance appeared in
a.
Florence.
b.
Rome.
c.
Venice.
d.
Naples.
e.
Siena.
 

 6. 

The Italian popolo
a.
established democracies in the Italian city-states.
b.
desired government offices and equality of taxation.
c.
were never able to influence Italian politics.
d.
controlled the wool industry.
e.
intermarried with the nobility.
 

 7. 

By 1300, most of the Italian citystates were ruled by either signori or
a.
kings.
b.
oligarchies.
c.
elected assemblies.
d.
ecclesiastical princes.
e.
bishops.
 

 8. 

As consumer habits changed, an aristocrat's greatest expense was usually his
a.
urban palace.
b.
military hardware and training.
c.
daughter's dowry.
d.
food.
e.
jewelry and clothing.
 

 9. 

In which century did the mechanical clock become commonplace in European cities?
a.
twelfth
b.
thirteenth
c.
fourteenth
d.
fifteenth
e.
sixteenth
 

 10. 

The official attitude toward rape indicates that
a.
the status of women had improved.
b.
it was a serious crime against the victim and society.
c.
it was not a seen as a serious crime against either the victim or society.
d.
prostitution was designed to eradicate the crime.
e.
homosexual rape was a worse offense than heterosexual rape.
 

 11. 

Italian balance-of-power diplomacy
a.
was designed to prevent a single Italian state from dominating the peninsula.
b.
successfully prevented foreign domination of Italy.
c.
was primarily concerned with controlling the papacy.
d.
was critical to the economic success of Italy.
e.
led to Venetian domination of the Italian peninsula.
 

 12. 

The Florentine Office of the Night was created to control
a.
homosexual activities (sodomy).
b.
prostitution.
c.
radical elements in the popolo.
d.
the outbreak of heresy during the Renaissance.
e.
taverns.
 

 13. 

The subjugation of the Italian peninsula by outside invaders was
a.
the product of the invaders' overwhelming superiority.
b.
the result of the economic collapse of Italy.
c.
inevitable.
d.
the result of the Italians' failure to coordinate a common defense.
e.
the result of a papal invitation to the French king to intervene.
 

 14. 

The French invasion of Italy at the end of the fifteenth century was predicted by
a.
Savonarola.
b.
Dante.
c.
Machiavelli.
d.
Lorenzo de Medici.
e.
Francesco Sforza.
 

 15. 

The Italian Renaissance had as one of its central components
a.
Christian humility.
b.
a concern for the improvement of society in general.
c.
a glorification of individual genius.
d.
the attempt to use art to educate the urban masses.
e.
rejection of Scriptural authority.
 

 16. 

Italian humanists stressed the
a.
study of the classics for what they could reveal about human nature.
b.
study of the classics in order to understand the divine nature of God.
c.
absolute authority of classical texts.
d.
role of the church in the reform of society.
e.
study of Revelation for a clue to the date of the Second Coming.
 

 17. 

The most important factor in the emergence of the Italian Renaissance was the
a.
decline of religious feeling.
b.
political disunity of Italy.
c.
great commercial revival in Italy.
d.
creation of powerful, centralized monarchies.
e.
French patronage of Italian artists.
 

 18. 

Italy achieved unification in
a.
1459.
b.
1870.
c.
1610.
d.
1703.
e.
1945.
 

 19. 

The leaders of the Catholic church
a.
ignored the Renaissance.
b.
attempted to crush the secularism of the Renaissance.
c.
readily adopted the Renaissance spirit, especially when it came to art.
d.
used Renaissance ideals to promote moral reform.
e.
came to believe that the Renaissance had caused the Reformation.
 

 20. 

Castiglione's manual on gentlemanly conduct
a.
focused on ridding oneself of vermin.
b.
suggested that early choice of a profession was crucial in becoming a gentleman.
c.
asserted that real men need not learn French.
d.
insisted that the real gentleman show Christian humility and kindness toward the downtrodden.
e.
suggested that gentlemen cultivate their abilities in a variety of fields, athletics to music to art to mathematics.
 

 21. 

According to Laura Cereta, the inferiority of women was a consequence of their
a.
biologic reproductive function.
b.
own failure to live up to their potential.
c.
lack of economic rights.
d.
overzealous commitment to religion.
e.
creation from Adam's rib.
 

 22. 

Rich individuals sponsored artists and works of art
a.
because it was good for business.
b.
in order to please God.
c.
to glorify themselves and their families.
d.
to control unemployment.
e.
to enlighten the masses.
 

 23. 

_________'s On the Dignity of Man argued that there are no limits on what humans can achieve.
a.
Lorenzo Valla
b.
Pico della Mirandola
c.
Da Vinci
d.
Dante
e.
Petrarch
 

 24. 

According to studies of the Florentine Office of the Night, the most common form of homosexual relationship between males was between
a.
noble and noble.
b.
noblemen and manual laborers.
c.
noblemen and servants.
d.
adult men and boys.
e.
artist and patron.
 

 25. 

According to Machiavelli, the sole test of “good” government was whether it
a.
provided the necessary public services.
b.
was based on Christian morality.
c.
protected the liberty of its citizens.
d.
was effective.
e.
improved the economy.
 

 26. 

All of the following ethnic groups were imported into western Europe as slaves during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries except
a.
Africans.
b.
Greeks.
c.
Albanians.
d.
Slavs.
e.
Portuguese.
 

 27. 

The invention of movable type led to all of the following except
a.
increased literacy.
b.
the use of government propaganda.
c.
the inculcation of national loyalties.
d.
the use of French as the language of polite society.
e.
the creation of invisible publics of silent readers.
 

 28. 

In terms of gender relations, Renaissance humanists argued that
a.
men and women were equals in intellectual pursuits.
b.
the status of women had improved since the Middle Ages.
c.
men and men alone should act in the public sphere.
d.
women should have equal opportunity in marital and extramarital sexual relations.
e.
women lacked immortal souls.
 

 29. 

For ordinary women, the Renaissance
a.
had very little impact.
b.
improved the material conditions of their lives.
c.
worsened their status.
d.
allowed them access to education for the first time.
e.
opened up access to new livelihoods.
 

 30. 

__________'s Decameron embodied the new secular spirit.
a.
Boccaccio
b.
Pico della Mirandola
c.
Petrarch
d.
Da Vinci
e.
Lorenzo Valla
 

 31. 

Moveable type was invented in the West around
a.
1593.
b.
1412.
c.
1502.
d.
1454.
e.
1309.
 

 32. 

The northern humanists believed that human nature
a.
was fundamentally corrupt.
b.
was fundamentally good.
c.
was incapable of improvement.
d.
remained unaffected by Adam and Eve's fall.
e.
was fixed and unchangeable.
 

 33. 

Thomas More's Utopia placed the blame for society's problems on
a.
human nature.
b.
God's will.
c.
society itself.
d.
the individual.
e.
King Henry VIII.
 

 34. 

According to the Dutch humanist Erasmus, the key to reform was
a.
education.
b.
control of the papacy.
c.
a pious life.
d.
the concerted effort that only a strong state could afford.
e.
adherence to church dogma.
 

 35. 

During the Renaissance, the status of upper-class women
a.
improved.
b.
remained unchanged.
c.
improved relative to medieval women.
d.
varied from city to city.
e.
declined.
 

 36. 

The term international style refers to
a.
Italian balance-of-power diplomacy.
b.
the use of movable-type printing in Europe.
c.
the spread of artistic techniques and ideals.
d.
the tactics of the centralizing monarchs.
e.
the increasing use of Latin among scholars to communicate.
 

 37. 

The social group that most often resisted the centralizing efforts of the “new monarchs” was the
a.
peasantry.
b.
nobility.
c.
bourgeoisie.
d.
urban workers.
e.
clergy.
 

 38. 

According to the text, Thomas More's Utopia was remarkable for its time because it asserted
a.
that flawed social institutions were responsible for human corruption.
b.
that North America would one day be the site of the greatest power in world history.
c.
that native Americans could be saved through conversion to Christianity.
d.
that flaws in the divine nature were responsible for human corruption.
e.
that human beings evolved from “lower” animals.
 

 39. 

All of the following were aspects of the centralizing efforts of Charles VII of France except
a.
reform of the royal council.
b.
redistribution of feudal lands.
c.
publication of the Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges.
d.
a permanent royal army.
e.
establishment of new taxes on salt and land.
 

 40. 

In the fourteenth century, Genoa and __________ dominated the Mediterranean slave trade.
a.
Venice
b.
Rome
c.
Milan
d.
Naples
e.
Pisa
 

 41. 

Black slaves were _________ in the Renaissance courts of northern Italy.
a.
unknown
b.
little valued
c.
greatly in demand
d.
used only for manual labor
e.
unfashionable
 

 42. 

The Star Chamber
a.
dealt with noble threats to royal power in England.
b.
was dominated by the great nobles of England.
c.
was the English equivalent of the Spanish Inquisition.
d.
dealt with the finances of the English government.
e.
was largely staffed by conversos.
 

 43. 

The Tudors won the support of the upper middle class by
a.
reforming the church.
b.
promoting peace and social order.
c.
restricting the wages of the working classes.
d.
lowering taxes and subsidizing the wool industry.
e.
opening up officerships in the Navy to them.
 

 44. 

___________'s Gargantua and Pantagruel is a comic masterpiece.
a.
Rabelais
b.
Moore
c.
Erasmus
d.
Colet
e.
Van Eyck
 

 45. 

Royal authority in Spain was enhanced by all of the following except
a.
the revival of the hermandades.
b.
the retention of the confederation structure among the kingdoms.
c.
recruitment of men trained in Roman law into the government bureaucracy.
d.
control of the church hierarchy.
e.
the restructuring of the royal council.
 

 46. 

The ______________ recognized the French king's right to select French bishops and abbots.
a.
Concordat of Worms
b.
Peace of Paris
c.
Treaty of Milan
d.
Concordat of Bologna
e.
Accord of Naples
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over