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Chapter 30 Test



 1. 

Who is Vladimir Putin?
A.
Head of the KGB under Mikhail Gorbachev
B.
Leader of the Chechen independence movement
C.
President of Russia beginning in 2000
D.
Yeltsin’s chief economic adviser
 

 2. 

The Persian Gulf War in 1991 clearly demonstrated
A.
the disunity among the world community.
B.
the lingering resentment of the Arab world against the United States.
C.
the effort of the United States and Western Europe to promote international consensus under U.S. guidance.
D.
U.S. unwillingness to deploy troops in large numbers in the Middle East.
 

 3. 

Serbian president Slobodan Milomc003-1.jpgevic’s actions in 1990 hastened separatism and civil war in Yugoslavia. His ultimate goal was to establish
A.
Greater Serbia.
B.
the Muslim League of the Balkans.
C.
the League of Communists States.
D.
the Commonwealth of Independent States.
 

 4. 

What event finally galvanized NATO action against the Bosnian Serbs?
A.
The discovery of ethnic-cleansing policies
B.
The slaughter of thousands of citizens in Srebrenica
C.
The invasion of Bosnia by the regular Serbian army
D.
The fear of Russian intervention on the Bosnian Serb side
 

 5. 

What was a major reason for the decline of Western European birthrates?
A.
Married women entering careers and the related drive for gender equality
B.
Increasing rates of homosexuality
C.
State policies discouraging childbearing
D.
The decline of religious belief
 

 6. 

It is estimated that between 1993 and 2003, illegal immigration into the European Union
A.
remained constant at about 50,000 persons annually.
B.
dropped quickly from 50,000 to 10,000 persons per year.
C.
rose from 50,000 to about 500,000 persons per year.
D.
disappeared entirely owing to tighter border security measures.
 

 7. 

Why did the rapid economic liberalization of Russia work poorly?
A.
Production of many items was concentrated in one or two giant factories.
B.
Russia depended too much on investment and management skills from abroad.
C.
The government passed too many economic regulations, effectively repressing entrepreneurship.
D.
Russia lost access to many raw materials as its empire collapsed.
 

 8. 

Which of the following characterizes the presidency of Vladimir Putin in Russia?
A.
He pursued strong free-market reforms that allowed Russia to break free of its socialist economic heritage.
B.
He sought Russia’s full admission into the European Union and its acceptance as a “normal” state.
C.
He reasserted anti-Western Russian nationalism and centralized political authority in the Kremlin.
D.
He worked to weed out corruption of Russia’s political system in order to secure liberal political gains.
 

 9. 

Why were Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary the most successful Eastern European nations at economic modernization?
A.
They provided the largest government subsidies to new industries and businesses and repealed most labor laws.
B.
They most quickly opened their economies to foreign investment and had no labor unions.
C.
They had never collectivized agriculture.
D.
They were flexible in the adoption of economic policies and had an enthusiastic entrepreneurial class.
 

 10. 

In the former Soviet bloc, who were the winners and losers in economic reconstruction?
A.
Veterans and factory workers were losers; scholars and organized crime leaders were big winners.
B.
Ordinary citizens and the elderly were losers; the young and ex-Communists were winners.
C.
Ex-Communists and government officials were losers; skilled technicians and scientists were winners.
D.
Corporate managers and bankers were losers; construction workers and the military were winners.
 

 11. 

At the end of the twentieth century, international trade was deeply affected by the development of the Internet and
A.
the deregulation of financial systems.
B.
the consolidation of merchant marine networks.
C.
the formation of the International Monetary Fund.
D.
the establishment of the World Trade Court.
 

 12. 

What is the consequence of globalization for national economies?
A.
They are able to specialize in the production of a smaller range of products.
B.
Their commercial wealth can be much more efficiently taxed.
C.
They lose all distinctive regional variation.
D.
They are much more vulnerable to worldwide economic panics.
 

 13. 

What was a characteristic of the multi-tiered society established by deindustrialization in the twenty-first century?
A.
The top tier of society was a small, affluent group of highly paid experts, executives, and professionals.
B.
Race or ethnicity seldom determined inclusion in the bottom tier of society.
C.
The second tier of the middle class enjoyed rising incomes and an improved standard of living.
D.
Workers in the second and third tiers were provided generous welfare and workplace benefits.
 

 14. 

What was the consequence for European national governments in meeting the fiscal standards to join the monetary union?
A.
Governments sparked considerable economic growth as they balanced their budgets.
B.
Governments drastically reduced their borrowing, freeing more capital for business investment.
C.
Governments had to reduce health and social benefits for their citizens.
D.
Governments had to substantially increase taxes on service industries.
 

 15. 

Why did nationalists oppose the proposed European Union Constitution?
A.
They refused to abandon their national militaries.
B.
They believed other nations and people were inferior.
C.
They feared losing political sovereignty and cultural identity.
D.
They rejected the undemocratic nature of the EU.
 

 16. 

What type of policies do the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the World Trade Organization pursue?
A.
Socialist policies that promote economic equality
B.
Environmental policies that encourage sustainable development
C.
Monetary policies to create a single currency
D.
Neoliberal economic policies promoting free markets and trade
 

 17. 

In addition to the emergence of married career women, why else have European birthrates declined substantially?
A.
Expanded availability of effective birth control
B.
Decline in religious belief and practice
C.
Uninspiring economic conditions
D.
Growing infertility as a result of environmental pollution
 

 18. 

Which of the following characterizes the daily life of most immigrants to Europe in the twenty-first century?
A.
They lived in separate city districts marked by poor housing and crowded conditions.
B.
They worked as highly trained technical specialists.
C.
They refused to become a part of European art, music, or culture.
D.
They de-emphasized their cultural origins by adopting European consumer habits.
 

 19. 

What is the main subject of the music of Algerian-born Cheb Khaled, the “King of Rai”?
A.
The need for a counter-Crusade in which Muslims seize power in Europe
B.
Idealized images of Khaled’s Algerian homeland
C.
A complete rejection of Islamic heritage and faith
D.
The burdens of the Algerian diaspora in France
 

 20. 

When the Russian government launched rapid privatization in the 1990, it provided each citizen with a voucher worth
A.
1,000 rubles.
B.
10,000 rubles.
C.
20,000 rubles.
D.
100,000 rubles.
 

 21. 

Some Europeans warned that Europe’s rapidly growing Muslim population was not only a security danger but also threatened
A.
the West’s military power as Muslims joined national armies.
B.
the West’s fundamental foundation in the Christian faith.
C.
the West’s social structure as Muslims took middle-class jobs but rejected middle-class values.
D.
the West’s tradition of freedoms, representative government, and toleration for difference.
 

 22. 

Some scholars conclude that owing to European population declines, Europeans need to
A.
award large government subsidies to Europeans who have large families.
B.
recognize that Europe needs and should welcome talented newcomers.
C.
promote birth-control methods among migrant communities.
D.
tax migrant families for every child that they produce.
 

 23. 

What aspect of American foreign policy under President George W. Bush most troubled leaders of the European Union?
A.
The United States increasingly ignored international opinion and pursued its own interests unilaterally.
B.
The United States persistently attacked Islamic nations, which created considerable domestic problems in Europe among the large Muslim populations.
C.
The United States constantly demonstrated its military superiority to all other nations, leading smaller nations to seek U.S. support rather than maintain European alliances.
D.
The United States lacked detailed knowledge about the nations that it was invading.
 

 24. 

Which of the following characterizes the support in Great Britain for the war with Iraq that began in 2003?
A.
The minority conservative party, the Tories, favored the war, but Labour Party leader Tony Blair refused to involve British troops.
B.
British Prime Minister Tony Blair supported the war, but the majority of the population was opposed.
C.
The majority of the population favored the war, but the military broadly opposed entrance into the war.
D.
The majority Labour Party broadly favored entering the war, but the queen publicly counseled caution and turned the public against the war.
 

 25. 

What happened to Czechoslovakia four years after the Velvet Revolution in 1989?
A.
It became a member of NATO.
B.
It became a member of the European Union.
C.
It formed a union with Hungary.
D.
It split into the Czech Republic and the Republic of Slovakia.
 

 26. 

How did the European response to terrorism differ from the American response?
A.
Americans emphasized the need for warfare, while Europeans emphasized that terrorism was best resolved through police and intelligence measures.
B.
Americans favored the strong use of force to resist terrorism, while the Europeans favored appeasement.
C.
Americans believed that terrorism could be controlled through immigration, while Europeans believed that terrorists had to be attacked in their own countries.
D.
Europeans supported strong punishments for terrorists, such as the death penalty, while Americans preferred indefinite incarceration.
 

 27. 

In his public calls for jihad (struggle) against the United States and the West, what grievances did Osama bin Laden list?
A.
The American way of life, which he saw an affront to Muslim ideas of morality
B.
American domination of the world economy
C.
U.S. support for Israel in the Israeli-Palestinian crisis and U.S. military bases in Saudi Arabia
D.
Discrimination against Muslims in the United States and Western Europe
 

 28. 

The European promotion of human rights has led the European Union to do which of the following?
A.
Intervene militarily in the Balkan War
B.
Reinstate the death penalty
C.
Insist on the importance of national sovereignty
D.
Adopt increasingly socialist economic policies
 

 29. 

Why did Russia invade Georgia in 2008?
A.
To punish Georgia for its support of Chechnya
B.
To stop Georgian criticism of Vladimir Putin’s domestic policies
C.
To support a separatist movement in South Ossetia
D.
To intimidate Ukraine and Belarus
 

 30. 

What did the new, pro-Western Serbian government do to Slobodan Milomc030-1.jpgevic in July 2001?
A.
Put him on trial in the Serbian capital
B.
Turned him over to a war crimes tribunal in the Netherlands to stand trial
C.
Allowed him to go into exile in Russia
D.
Placed him under indefinite house arrest
 

 31. 

What was the result of the Maastricht Treaty?
A.
It established the process by which the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was dissolved.
B.
It provided the basis for the formation of the European Union (EU) and defined criteria for membership in the monetary union.
C.
It outlined the role the World Trade Organization (WTO) would play in the management of trade and tariff agreements.
D.
It made available the necessary international financial resources needed for the successful Doctors without Borders campaign against malaria.
 

 32. 

The deindustrialization of Europe meant that by 2005, the once-booming manufacturing sector employed only about
A.
one in two workers.
B.
one in three workers.
C.
one in eight workers.
D.
one in ten workers.
 

 33. 

What is the average number of children families must have to maintain a stable population?
A.
1.2 children
B.
1.8 children
C.
2.1 children
D.
2.4 children
 

 34. 

Europe’s Muslim population, estimated in 2010 at 20 million, appears likely to grow by 2025 to 35 million, which would be what percentage of Europe’s projected population?
A.
2 percent
B.
4 percent
C.
8 percent
D.
10 percent
 

 35. 

What was the goal of the Muslim Brotherhood when it was founded in Egypt in 1928?
A.
A united Arab state in the Middle East
B.
National liberation from European control and a return to Sharia law
C.
A jihad (struggle) against all of Western society
D.
An end to monarchy as a form of government in the Middle East
 

 36. 

The United States invaded Iraq because American leaders asserted that Iraq
A.
had offered sanctuary to Al Qaeda after the United States had driven it out of Afghanistan.
B.
was still developing weapons of mass destruction despite a 1991 promise to end all such programs.
C.
was threatening to declare war on the United States.
D.
was planning to invade Israel.
 

 37. 

What was the Arab Spring event that took place in 2011?
A.
An unexpected series of revolts in the Middle East
B.
Western economic recession owing to the war in Iraq
C.
The rise of the Muslim population in Europe
D.
The fusion of Western and Arab music as a result of multiculturalism
 

 38. 

During the recession that began in 2008, which country struggled to implement an austerity plan in order to receive financial aid from the International Monetary Fund, the European Central Bank, and the European Union?
A.
France
B.
The Czech Republic
C.
Germany
D.
Greece
 

 39. 

Which country was most troubled by the idea of providing financial aid to nearly bankrupt Eurozone countries in 2012?
A.
France
B.
The United States
C.
Germany
D.
The United Kingdom
 

 40. 

In the twenty-first century, which resource could Russia use to assert political influence?
A.
Coal
B.
Water
C.
Oil
D.
Natural Gas
 

 41. 

Delegates to the annual United Nations Climate Change Conference in 2012 voted to extend which protocol on climate change?
A.
The Rio de Janeiro Protocol
B.
The Copenhagen Protocol
C.
The Kyoto Protocol
D.
The Shanghai Protocol
 
 
Source-Based Questions
Choose the letter of the best answer.
 

 42. 

Read Primary Source 30.1: President Putin on Global Security. What is Putin’s main point in this speech?
A.
The Soviet Union experienced a peaceful transformation.
B.
The use of force could only be considered legitimate if the United Nations sanctioned the decision.
C.
The United States overstepped its national borders in every way.
D.
New dividing lines in Europe were being constructed.
 

 43. 

In Primary Source 30.4: William Pfaff, Will the French Riots Change Anything?, what does Pfaff suggest was the significance of the French riots?
A.
The riots reflected the revolutionary influence of Islamic fundamentalism.
B.
The riots emphasized the childish nature of French youth and reflected the failing of the public school system.
C.
The riots were a statement of distress and anger at the ghettoization of immigrant youth.
D.
The riots could have important consequences for power, like the student uprising of 1968.
 

 44. 

In Primary Source 30.5: Osama bin Laden Calls for Global Jihad, bin Laden is primarily interested in
A.
obtaining atomic weapons.
B.
adhering to the Koran.
C.
driving the Americans out of Islamic nations.
D.
devoting oil revenues to religious purposes.
 

 45. 

In Primary Source 30.2: The Slow Food Manifesto, Folco Portinari advocates, as an antidote to “Fast Life” and “Fast Food,”
A.
boycotting McDonald’s and KFC.
B.
rediscovering the flavors and savors of regional cooking.
C.
turning off the television during dinner.
D.
deleting all social media accounts.
 

 46. 

On Map 30.1: Russia and the Successor States, 1991–2010, which of the republics of the former Soviet Union did not join the Commonwealth of Independent States in 1991?

mc046-1.jpg
A.
Ukraine, Moldova, and Turkmenistan
B.
Belarus and Ukraine
C.
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
D.
Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan
 

 47. 

On Map 30.1: Russia and the Successor States, 1991–2010, including the inset map, which area declared its independence in 1991 and fought with the Russian Republic to try to maintain independence?
mc047-1.jpg
A.
Latvia
B.
Georgia
C.
Chechnya
D.
South Ossetia
 

 48. 

As shown on Map 30.3: The European Union, 2013, which states are the original members?

mc048-1.jpg
A.
Ireland, United Kingdom, and Denmark
B.
France, Italy, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
C.
Spain, Portugal, Austria, Sweden, and Finland
D.
Norway, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, and Italy.
 

 49. 

As shown on Map 30.3: The European Union, 2013, which new members joined in 2007?

mc049-1.jpg
A.
Romania and Bulgaria
B.
Austria and Sweden
C.
Portugal and Spain
D.
Slovenia and Hungary
 



 
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